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安徽不同生态区弱筋小麦产量和品质差异分析
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引用本文:张向前,陈 欢,乔玉强,杜世州,李 玮,赵 竹.安徽不同生态区弱筋小麦产量和品质差异分析[J].西北农业学报,2018,27(12):1763~1771
DOI:10.7606/j.issn.1004-1389.2018.12.008
摘要点击次数: 2
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作者单位
张向前,陈 欢,乔玉强,杜世州,李 玮,赵 竹 (安徽省农业科学院 作物研究所,合肥 230031) 
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0300408);国家自然科学基金(31401328);安徽省科技重大专项(16030701099)。
中文摘要:通过研究相同施肥水平下(N 180 kg/hm2)不同弱筋小麦品种在安徽3个主要生态区产量、体积质量和主要品质性状(蛋白质质量分数、湿面筋质量分数、硬度指数和沉淀值)的差异,为安徽弱筋小麦产量提升和品质改善提供研究支持。研究表明,舒城县试验点产量较高品种依次是‘宁麦9号’(5 845.85 kg/hm2)、‘扬麦22’(5 681.12 kg/hm2)和‘扬麦9号’(5 460.55 kg/hm2),庐江县试验点依次是‘宁麦9号’(4 954.62 kg/hm2)‘扬麦15’(4 801.53 kg/hm2)和‘扬麦9号’(4 500.71 kg/hm2),怀远县依次是‘扬麦15’(5 706.67 kg/hm2)‘扬麦22’(5 651.40 kg/hm2)和‘皖西麦0638’(5 649.74 kg/hm2),弱筋小麦在舒城和怀远生态区种植相比庐江生态区具有一定产量优势。蛋白质质量分数、湿面筋质量分数、硬度指数和沉淀值指标符合国家弱筋小麦品质标准的品种在舒城县和庐江县试验点为‘扬麦15’‘宁麦9号’‘扬麦9号’和‘皖西麦0638’,在怀远县为‘扬麦15’‘宁麦9号’和‘皖西麦0638’。相同施肥水平下不同弱筋小麦品种在同一生态区种植产量、产量构成及品质间的差异可达显著水平;相同弱筋小麦品种在不同区域种植产量、体积质量和品质会发生一定变化,其中部分小麦品种的产量、体积质量及蛋白质质量分数、湿面筋质量分数、硬度指数和沉淀值指标变化显著。
中文关键词:产量  品质  体积质量  弱筋小麦
 
The Difference in Yield and Grain Quality of Weak Gluten Wheat That Planting in Different Ecological Areas of Anhui Province
Abstract:By study the difference in yield, bulk density and grain quality ( protein mass fraction, wet gluten mass fraction, hardness index and sedimentation value) of different weak gluten wheat cultivars under the same fertilization level (N 180 kg/hm2)in three main ecological areas in Anhui province, so as to provide some theoretical help for improving the yield and grain quality of weak gluten wheat in Anhui province. The results showed that the yield of wheat in Shucheng county experimental sites in order was ‘Ningmai 9’(5 845.85 kg/hm2), ‘Yangmai 22’ (5 681.12 kg/hm2), ‘Yangmai 9 ’(5 460.55 kg/hm2); and the yield in Lujiang county experimental sites in order was ‘Ningmai 9’ (4 954.62 kg/hm2), ‘Yangmai 15’ (4 801.53 kg/hm2), ‘Yangmai 9’ (4 500.71 kg/hm2); and in Huaiyuan countyexperimental sites in order was ‘Yangmai 15’ (5 706.67 kg/hm2),‘Yangmai22’ (5 651.40 kg/hm2), ‘Wanximai 0638’ (5 649.74 kg/hm2). The weak gluten wheat planting in Shucheng and Huaiyuan county ecological areas had a certain yield advantage when compared to Lujiang county. The protein mass fraction, wet gluten mass fraction, hardness index and sedimentation value that accord to national grain quality standard of weak gluten wheat in Shucheng and Lujiang county experimental sites were ‘Yangmai 15’, ‘Yangmai 9’, ‘Wanximai 0638’, and in Huaiyuan county experimental sites were ‘Yangmai 15’, ‘Ningmai 9’ and ‘Wanximai 0638’. The difference in yield, yield components and grain quality of different weak gluten wheat cultivars could reach significant level when planting in the same ecological area; the yield, bulk density, and grain quality of the same weak gluten wheat cultivar were changed when planting in different areas, and even the indexes of yield, bulk density, protein mass fraction, wet gluten mass fraction, hardness index and sedimentation value of some wheat cultivars were significantly changed.
keywords:Yield  Quality  Bulk density  Weak gluten wheat
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